A compendium of social inclusion indicators
The Australian Social Inclusion Board has prepared this compendium of indicators of social inclusion to assist with measuring disadvantage and social exclusion. It presents a framework and analysis of five 'drivers' of social exclusion, plus data on health, and and contextual data on health expenditure.
- Poverty and low income;
- Lack of access to the job market
- Limited social supports and networks
- Effect of the local neighbourhood
- Exclusion from services
Findings, using international comparisons, include:
Where Australia is doing well
- Life expectancy and health expectancy at birth are among the world’s best
- Work participation and employment rates are comparatively high
Where Australia has a ‘middling’ standard of achievement
- The degree of income inequality is similar to the EU
- The rate of voluntary service is representative of western industrial societies
- The proportions of adults with tertiary education is similar to the EU
Where Australia has ground to make up
- A high proportion of Australian households are ‘at-risk-of-poverty'
- There is a high percentage of Australian children in jobless households
- High rates of 15 to 19 year old Australians are not engaged in education, training or employment
By periodically auditing trends in these 33 indicators of social inclusion, Australia can chart social progress and encourage the more systematic appraisal of the outcomes of its social policies.